Information and History on temple of Edfu | Ancient Egypt

History of Edfu Temple Complex

According to the history of the Temple of Edfu, it is among the best preserved ancient Egyptian Temple complexes and edfu temple was dedicated to the local deity of Horbendeth.

edfu temple

Information of Edfu Temple

The Temple of Edfu is situated on the outskirts of the city in Upper Egypt. The Temple of edfu complex is located 100 km north of the Aswan Dam and is located about 85 kilometers west of Luxorentfernt. When the Ptolemies in Egypt had the supremacy the temple was built in ancient Greece between 57 and 237 BCE. The complex was named after the God of Horus of Buto, mentioned in Greek mythology the son of ISIS. According to the information, Not only the buildings and statues of the temple of edfu but also parts of the ancient city are in good state of preservation. The system of sand masses ranged up to the upper edges of the pillars was covered for centuries. Parts of the temple of edfu were covered with the houses of the local Fellas. It was only in the 19th century began systematic excavation work, during which the entire complex was uncovered.

Pictures of Edfu Temple



Brief History of Edfu Temple

As mentioned in history, The foundation stone for the Temple of Edfu was the year 237 BC. An inscription in a building, which is signed by Ptolemy III. You can set the date of Foundation on 23 August this year. During her reign, numerous Ptolemaic rulers carried out renovation and extension measures at the temple of edfu. The preliminary conclusion of the Edfu temple complex takes place. Five years after was the central sanctuary of Edfu temple. Work on the temple of edfu was finished with the building of the enormous gate, as temples were consistently constructed in the interior to the outside. This socalled pylon with his reliefs on the facade was eventually passed on 5. Were religious ceremonies and temple festivals. Along with the conventional Egyptian new year Holiday, the wedding of the success of Horus of the desert God Seth of Horus and was observed annually.

Structure of Edfu Temple

The Temple of Edfu has a precise North South orientation and a span of 137 meters. The width at the front of the pylon is 79 meters. The enormous entry portal is flanked by two enormous towers with a height of 36 meters. They can be not inaccessible in the Interior. Two perpendicular slots in the facade were the recording of flagpoles with the corresponding standards. Additionally, the larger than life reliefs of deities are. Two Falcon statues made from black granite, which stand as a symbol of the God of Horus guard the entrance. After passing the pylon appears in the Atrium, which will be bordered by 32 columns. Additionally on the interior of edfu temple, the facade of the primary portal was decorated with reliefs at the temple of edfu. The entry to the temple building is situated on the north side of the courtyard. He’s flanked by a stone statue of a Falcon, which can be made from black granite.


Internal Structure of Edfu Temple

A 25 meter wide columned Hall with a total of 18 columns makes the ante-room of the sanctuary. They were built in parallel rows in temple of Edfu. It adjoins another pillar Hall, which consists of three rows of four columns. Three rooms branch off from this column Hall. On the East side, entering the so called room of offerings that were liquid and opposite the accessibility to the place of the offerings that were strong. The Hall is at the center of the former spiritual centre of the Temple of Edfu. A modest, self contained building grows at the center of the room in edfu temple, which housed according to the custom, the “Holy of Holies.” Little chapels that have been dedicated to the Horuskult rise to the building that is central. On the chapels and the walls are numerous reliefs with scenes in the life of the God of Horus. Another building, which will be around 60 meters in the entry and was dedicated to the gods of Dendara and Hathor the temple of edfu contains the so called Mammisi.


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