Luxor Temple – An Ancient Egyptian temple complex

Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple is an ancient Egyptian temple complex. Temple of Luxor is most attractive temple in Egypt and people are very fond to visit to Luxor Temple. Temple of Luxor is known as Moon God courage and the god Amun, dedicated by his son. It was recorded in 1979 on the World Heritage list of UNESCO.

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Brief History of Luxor Temple:

The Temple of Luxor  was built in the 14th century under the Egyptian King Amenhotep III. on the foundations of an older sanctuary. At that time the portico, the central sanctuary, and the second yard were in the southern part of the temple complex. With the construction of the portico was also started at this time. Amenhotep III’s successor left the temple and removed the name of the god Amun. Under Pharaoh Tutankhamun of the column Hall was expanded and Ramses II. Expanded Luxor Temple in a northerly direction. The Pharaoh built the large yard and added a gate with the large pylon. The system reached a length of 260 meters after this expansion measures. Once the main entrance was flanked Ramses II. by six colossal stone statues of which today two standing and two seated statues have been preserved.

 

Further restructuring measures at the central sanctuary of the Temple of Luxor were carried out under Alexander the great. In the course of this work, the columns of the building were removed and a chapel erected. During the Roman domination in North Africa, the temple complex was expanded into the fortress and in the first century AD centuries several churches on the site. You enter the Luxor Temple from the Nile promenade out and go first in an atrium. This 2.5 km long avenue of the Sphinxes begins, which connected the Temple of Karnak Luxor Temple at the time of the Pharaohs. The wide Boulevard is flanked on the sides of stone sculptures with a human head and the body of a lion, the so-called Sphinxes. The courtyard was built in the 4th century BC and was once surrounded by a wall. The chapel in the northern area of the built from Nile mud bricks.

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The pylon of the Temple of Luxor was the gate through which the plant was entered once. It consists of two Tower-like building with thick walls. Reliefs on the outside show battle scenes from a battle which has defeated Ramses II. during the 13th century BC. After passing the pylon appears Ramses II., which is surrounded by a Colonnade in the courtyard. The mosque of Abu el-Hag gag rises in the eastern area of the Court. Opposite on the Western side stands the three-aisled Church of the ancient Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut. Reliefs on the walls of the courtyard walls show scenes from the life of Ramses II. After passing of the Court, you reach a Colonnade with a total of 14 so-called Papyrus-bundle columns. The stone statues behind the entrance represent the deities Amun and courage. The second courtyard was built under the Egyptian King Amenhotep III. Several statues during restoration work in the late 80s of the last century were found here in the world of gods and Pharaohs, which today can be admired in the Museum of Luxor.

Information of Luxor Temple:

The Imperial cult room enters through a door in the portico. By the Romans, it was converted to a sanctuary. The apse is flanked by two columns, and a door opening is located in the middle. This passage is the one with various gods in a small Pillared Hall with pictures of Alexander of the great, communicates. By providing access, they come from the portico in the birth room. The wall reliefs show the life of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III. And document its development from birth to death.

 

The Luxor Temple was mainly religious and ritual purposes. The Egyptian new year’s day, the OPET feast in the plant was committed in the course of which a procession from Karnak Temple led to the Luxor Temple. Also, the respective King in the temple was United with his divine Ka. The Pharaoh was equated with the Egyptian deities with the annually recurring ritual

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