Karnak Temple – An Ancient Egyptian Temple Complex

Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple is an ancient Egyptian temple complex. Temple of Karnak is most attractive temple in Egypt and people are very fond to visit to Karnak Temple. The Temple of Karnak is situated about 2.5 km north of Temple Luxor and belongs together with the Temple of Luxor since 1979 to the cultural heritage of the UNESCO.


Some beautiful photos/pictures of Karnak Temple




History Of Karnak Temple

The Karnak Temple is the largest contiguous temple complex in Egypt and a visit to the facility is an integral part of any Nile cruise. It is located on the Eastern Bank of the Nile and is linked to the Luxor Temple about a 2.5 kilometre-long avenue of Sphinxes. The temple was in honor of the god Amun; his wife built courage and common son of Khonsu. Over the centuries, he was repeatedly rebuilt on different Pharaohs and expanded. Millennia ago, the Karnak Temple lay directly on the banks of the Nile. At that time, the power led considerably more water than in the present, and the riverbanks were regularly flooded. With the construction of the Aswan Dam, the water level of the Nile was regulated and flooding since then belongs to the past. For centuries, the Karnak Temple under a thick layer of sand was buried. Only in the 19th century, the complex was dug out after.

To enter the Temple of Karnak, on an avenue lined with Sphinxes by the so-called pylon. This gate is the latest part of the complex and was built only in the 4th century BC. The pylon has a height of 43.50 meters and is 113 meters wide. It starts the actual temple complex. The Karnak Temple is a system in which several shrines to different gods are gathered. The largest area of the complex is dedicated to the god Amun. The great Temple of Amun-re, the temple complex for his son Chon, the sanctuary of Rameses III., and a temple of the birth goddess OPET are located there. The largest building is the Temple of Amun-re with the huge Hall of columns. There, 134 columns in 16 rows that have a height of 21 meters rise on an area of 5,400 square meters. They once carried the wooden roof of the temple. The pillars are decorated with ornate stonework and innumerable hieroglyphs.

More information on Temple of Karnak

The District of the month is situated in the immediate vicinity of the Temple of Amun-re and 350 meters south of the complex joins the temple’s courage. This plant was once connected to the Amun-re temple by an avenue of Sphinxes. The courage Temple is surrounded on three sides by the Holy See. There lie the remains of a building, in which Ramses II. should have seen the light of day within the plant. Enter the Temple of Courage, by a pylon behind the joins a portico. You reach by passing through a second gate into the Festival courtyard, and then in the ante-room of the sanctuary. This sanctuary consists of three niches in which used images of the deities to be found. A sanctuary of Aton, which was built by the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten is located east of the Temple of Amun-re.

The sightseeing of the Obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut is one of the highlights of a tour through the Temple of Karnak. She directed the fortunes of the country from 1490-1468 BC. The Obelisk has a height of 29.50 meters and weighs around 30 tons. With these, he dimensions belong to the largest obelisk in Egypt. Other temples within the complex are the Temple of Ramses II, the red and the white Chapel and the Temple of OPET. An extraordinary sight is also a monumental scarab made of granite, which is located on the banks of the sacred Lake. According to tradition, it is good luck if you go seven times around the stone insect. After nightfall takes place in the complex of Karnak a sound and light show, you can attend a surcharge on the price of the ticket. The stone statues and monuments with elaborate lighting displays in the scene are used in this course. This produced different sound effects, which should give the appropriate frame the mystical mood.

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